Taxation is the process of collecting mandatory payments from individuals and businesses by the government to finance public services and programs. Taxes are imposed on income, sales, property, and other economic activities and are used to fund public goods such as roads, schools, healthcare, defense, and other social welfare programs.

There are different types of taxes, including income tax, sales tax, property tax, excise tax, and value-added tax. Income tax is a tax on the income of individuals and businesses, while sales tax is a tax on goods and services sold to consumers. Property tax is levied on the value of real estate or personal property, while excise tax is a tax on specific goods such as gasoline, tobacco, and alcohol. Value-added tax (VAT) is a tax on the value added at each stage of production and distribution of goods and services.

Taxation is regulated by tax laws and regulations, which are designed to ensure that taxpayers comply with their tax obligations. Taxpayers are required to file tax returns and pay their taxes on time to avoid penalties and interest charges. Taxpayers may also be subject to audits by tax authorities to ensure that they are complying with the tax laws.

Taxation is a complex field, and many individuals and businesses seek the advice of tax professionals such as accountants and tax attorneys to help them navigate the tax system and minimize their tax liabilities.